A new description of electron scattering in the surface layers of samples proposed by the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw significantly speeds up materials analysis and enables a better understanding of what can really be seen in a sample.
Diagnosis of Helicobacter infection is unpleasant for the patient; now an optical absorption spectroscopy instrument can provide diagnosis with 100% accuracy.
Remote simultaneous 3D and spectral imaging will provide direct identification of surface rust and corrosion on structures including bridges and pylons.
Using fNIRS to track the brain activity of both participants, when people are asked to cooperate with a partner, found that males and females had different patterns of shared brain activity.
New broad-band tuneable infrared laser is single-chip, solid-state and offers high-power rapid tuning.
A superconducting insert coil made from a copper-oxide-based ceramic, YBCO, has raised the magnetic field achievable to 25 Tesla.
Swiss researchers improve an interferometry technique by utilising the interference fringe, an aspect previously viewed as a nuisance, and increase the efficiency of X-ray flux.
An international research team has shown, using XRF that the iron in Tutankhamun’s dagger blade is of meteoritic origin.
Researchers from Leiden and Delft are using Macro X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (MA-XRF) to read remains of medieval manuscripts hidden inside the bindings which had been “recycled” after the Middle Ages.
FT-IR spectroscopy can greatly increase the amount of information that can be extracted from a protein microarray. High-quality spectra can be obtained from spots of protein no larger than the diameter of a human hair.
Brillouin spectroscopy has been an effective tool for non-invasively examining materials for several decades, and with a new spectrometer design can now tackle biological samples.
Using time-, energy- and angular-resolved photoelectron imaging a team of researchers has been able to make snapshots of coupled Rydberg orbitals evolving in time during an ultrafast autoionisation process.
Version 10.4 of the Unscrambler X now includes Design-Expert from Stat-Ease, replacing the previous Design of Experiments (DOE) module.
Scientists from the universities of Oxford and Manchester, UK, have used a mass spectrometry molecular fingerprinting technique to identify one Neanderthal bone from around 2000 tiny bone fragments.
University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA, researchers have made a microscopic snapshot of the early renal lipid changes in acute kidney injury, using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation (MALDI) tissue imaging to localise the changes.
New method allows hyperpolarised xenon gas, to be dissolved into minute samples of substances without disrupting their molecular order during NMR spectroscopy.
Researchers at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA, have determined that light reflectance spectroscopy can differentiate between malignant and benign prostate tissue with 85% accuracy.
Terahertz radiation is of growing interest due to its potential for new spectroscopy and imaging applications as well as wireless communication networks with extremely high bandwidth. However, there are few off-the-shelf components available for manipulating terahertz waves.
Fluorescence spectroscopy has been used to study the ancient pigment, Egyptian blue.
Entries for the IRDG Chalmers and Dent Student Travel Award for a PhD to present their research at the SciX meeting.