Research News

SORS offers prospect of better bone disease diagnosis

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SORS-instrument-sThe utility of Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy (SORS) in the early diagnosis of conditions such as the painful brittle bone disease is to be tested for the first time with hospital patients. The SORS instrument, the first to be commercially available, was delivered on Wednesday 3 November to the Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science, University College London (UCL) on the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital (RNOH) site in Stanmore, Middlesex, UK. The spectrometer will undergo testing to assess its usefulness with the long term aim of developing a specialist medical device to diagnose and detect early signs of diseases such as brittle bone disease and osteoarthritis.

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Raman and XAS reveal clues to Cuban nickel

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diamond-aerialUnderstanding the crystal chemistry of Nickel (Ni), in particular how the element is bonded to its surrounding elements, can improve its extraction process, making it greener and increasing the yield. Scientists from Diamond (the UK’s national synchrotron facility), in collaboration with mineralogists from the University of Barcelona, Spain, have combined measurements on the Microfocus Spectroscopy beamline (I18) and Raman spectroscopy to elucidate the chemistry and local environment of Ni in a Mn-oxyhydroxyde aggregate.

Read more: Raman and XAS reveal clues to Cuban nickel

   

850 MHz NMR for national facility at Warwick

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warwick-850-nmr-sUK researchers will gain new insights into vital high tech engineering materials and novel pharmaceuticals thanks to the creation of the UK’s most powerful NMR device for solids now sited in a national research facility in the University of Warwick’s Centre for Magnetic Resonance.

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New laser to increase Raman data acquisition

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robert-huberRobert Huber from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich has received a Starting Grant awarded by the European Research Council (ERC). The grant is worth 1.2 million Euros over a period of five years. The Starting Grants scheme is designed to support the work of outstandingly creative young investigators who are engaged in research at the forefront of their respective fields.

Read more: New laser to increase Raman data acquisition

   

Measurement Science in Chemistry degree produces its first graduates

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The first group of graduates of a new European Master's degree received their diplomas at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Geel, Belgium. The degree, “Measurement Science in Chemistry”, was based on training initiatives developed by the JRC's Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM).

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Study describes a tabletop source of bright, coherent X-rays

Producing tightly focused beams of high energy X-rays, to examine everything from molecular structures to the integrity of aircraft wings, could become simpler and cheaper according to new research.

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Fluorescence eye test reveals neurological diseases in livestock

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fl-scrapie-sheep-sThe eyes of sheep infected with scrapie—a neurological disorder similar to mad cow disease—return an intense, almost-white glow when they're illuminated with blue excitation light, according to a research project led by Iowa State University's Jacob Petrich.

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2011 Bunsen-Kirchhoff Award for Analytical Spectroscopy

The DASp seeks nominations for the 2011 Bunsen-Kirchhoff Award for Analytical Spectroscopy to honour preferably the work of young scientists from universities, research institutes or industry who made excellent contributions to analytical spectroscopy.

Read more: 2011 Bunsen-Kirchhoff Award for Analytical Spectroscopy

   

Hairbrush for functional NIR imaging of brain

fNIR-hairbrush1-sOne of the main techniques for measuring and monitoring mental activity, functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), can often be impaired because a person’s hair gets in the way. A team of researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Texas at Arlington have developed a “brush optrode”, which provides increased sensitivity with fibre tips designed to thread through hair to enhance scalp contact.

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Rutherford Lecture celebrates Raman anniversary

Professor Robin ClarkProfessor Robin Clark CNZM FRS, Sir William Ramsay Professor Emeritus, UCL, gave the University of Canterbury's premier biennial lecture, the Rutherford Lecture, in the Town Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, on “Raman's legacy: Spectroscopy in the Cause of Art and Archaeology” on 29 September 2010.

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Optical frequency comb offers improved trace gas detection

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optical-frequency-comb-sScientists at JILA (a joint operation of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado at Boulder) and collaborators have demonstrated an improved laser-based "molecular fingerprinting" technique that picks out traces of key hydrogen-containing and other molecules from a billion other particles in a gas in just 30 seconds or less—performance suitable for breathalysers for diagnosing disease, measuring trace gases in the atmosphere, detecting security threats and other applications.

Read more: Optical frequency comb offers improved trace gas detection

   

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