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This article shows that pyrolysis techniques, in combination with spectroscopy, are helping our understanding of how the organic matter in our solar system came to be. Fascinatingly, they also show how secondary processing of meteorite materials seems to enhance the abilities of atmospheres to host life on planetary surfaces as well as providing the raw materials from which life could originate.
The use of isotope ratio mass spectrometry is on the rise, with more papers published and more labs with the facilities. The authors describe the main IRMS studies conducted on seeds and isotopes and outline the most important aspects of the use of seeds to study plant eco-geochemistry and plant material traceability.
There are many reasons for quantifying VOCs in air, from investigating pollution to diagnosis of diseases in humans. PTR-MS has many advantages for this, not least in speed and ability to provide an online analysis. It is a relatively young technique, but has a range of applications from botany and medicine through to industrial process monitoring, security screening, environmental analysis and food science.
“Mass spectrometry investigations of nanoparticles by tandem charge detection mass spectrometry” by Tristan Doussineau, Philippe Dugourd and Rodolphe Antoine describes how the limitation of conventional mass spectrometry for weighing macro-ions with masses higher than one megadalton can be overcome with the technique of charge detection mass spectrometry and how they have developed such an instrument for performing MS/MS. This has potential for exploring the “nano world”.
Scientists at the University of Warwick have developed a computation which simultaneously doubles the resolution, sensitivity and mass accuracy of Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (FT-MS) at no extra cost.
The Extrel MAX-HM series quadrupole mass spectrometers from Henniker Scientific are now available with extended mass range options to 16,000 amu. Each instrument features the quadrupole mass filter assembly, a precision machined 9.5 mm or 19 mm rod set with improved RF-only pre- and post-filter stages, stabilising rods and high-power generators that, in combination, deliver improved transmission, resolution and abundance sensitivity characteristics at high masses. They are all available as a fully UHV compatible bolt-on instrument or with application matched single or compound molecular beam inlet pressure reduction stages, addressing a wide range of atomic and molecular studies, including nano-cluster deposition, analysis of biomolecules, plasma polymerisation and SIMS/SNMS of polymeric materials. The range covers discreet upper mass limits of 500 amu, 1000 amu, 2000 amu, 4000 amu and 16,000 amu with a frequency specific and interchangeable RF generator that also allow a single instrument to operate over multiple mass ranges without the need for re-tuning.
Fully dedicated LC/MS and GC/MS benches which are compatible with all MS manufacturers. For easy access to the rear of the instruments, and for ease of movement to other instruments, the benches are all on casters. Space is saved as no service corridor is needed.
A mass spectrometry source using OpenSpot sample cards for the analysis of raw materials, formulations, reaction products and unknown materials without sample preparation. The closed region of the source minimises sample contamination and contains vapours of derivatising agents and dopants used for analysis of more complex samples.
An ion source to meet the increasing demands for sensitivity enhancements in environmental analysis, food testing and forensics. It has been designed with the same fittings as other Bruker Apollo II sources, allowing quick and easy exchange with conventional ESI and APCI and it is compatible with all recent Bruker mass spectrometers.
A compact mass spectrometer designed for the discovery research and process development synthetic organic chemistry market. Compact enough to operate in fume hoods and space-restricted laboratories, users have direct access to identify, monitor and confirm compounds as they are created in the reactor. Personal single quadrupole mass spectrometers allow for rapid compound confirmation in normal phase chromatography fractions.
A bundle of solution packages which consist of a mass spectrometer, software, training, validation services and a liquid chromatography system which includes the Eksigent ekspert ultra 100 and 100-XL systems, which are analytical flow rate systems.
A triple quadrupole mass spectrometry system for routine quantitation and screening, offering improved sensitivity and a more rugged design. It is also available with the option of QTRAP technology which increases full-scan sensitivity over triple quadrupoles by incorporating the Linear Accelerator.
Miniature mass spectrometer designed for use in the research laboratory. It is capable of rapid MS/MS detection of trace levels of volatile compounds in approximately five seconds. It uses a cylindrical ion trap and offers sensitivity to 1 ppt with the optional Precon-1000, non-cryogenic pre-concentrator which enhances sensitivity and is fast (<30 s). Mass range is 35–450 Da and resolution <0.5 Da FWHM.
A person-portable capillary gas chromatoraph-toroidal ion trap mass spectrometer with high-speed temperature programming and a miniature toroidal ion trap mass spectrometer with a nominal mass resolution over a mass range of 50 Da to 500 Da. It is totally self-contained, weighs less than 32 pounds with all accessories, is battery operated and has on-board helium GC carrier gas supply cartridge.
A high-performance benchtop quadrupole-Orbitrap LC-MS/MS. An alternative to quadrupole time-of-flight, the system can conduct three experiments at once—identification, quantitation and confirmation—and it is fully compatible with UHPLC separations.
A chemical threat detector that combines high-speed, high-resolution gas chromatography and a miniaturised toroidal ion trap mass spectrometer in a portable device. Designed to enhance military and emergency response capabilities in the field, it can confirm the presence and identity of chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial chemicals in gases, vapours, liquids and solids.
GC/MS system with ion optics optimised with high-performance quadrupole and Shimadzu’s Optdesign simulation program. Fully automated MS tuning allows users to optimise parameters easily and constantly ensure stable mass spectra. Maximum flow rate is 4 mL min–1 giving users the ability to select from a variety of columns. An optional direct injection probe is available.
A high-throughput direct ionisation system for profiling the distribution of biomolecules. The “smart-source” offers access to and visualisation of molecules of interest directly where they exist. The system conveniently integrates with different mass spectrometers, including single quad, triple quad, ToF and HDMS systems from several manufacturers. Fully adjustable vertical and horizontal articulation enable the system to fit various bench heights and mass spectrometry set-ups.
Similar to the Series 200, but with a larger mass range of 5–2150 m/z, and suitable for laboratories performing routine assays. Again, available in single source and dual source versions. The Torrent Multi-Option Dual Source can be configured for ESI/ESI, ESI/APCI or APCI/APCI. Patented interfaces are available: the HSID on the Series 100 and HSID Select on the Series 200; HSID stands for Hot Source-Induced Desolvation. There is also a zero cross-talk collision cell and patented “Unifield” detector.
Second generation of their triple quadrupole mass spectrometer series. The 3Q 220 has a dual source and the 3Q 210 a single source. The Series 200 instruments are designed for high sensitivity, e.g. quantitation of free testosterone at 1.2 pg mL–1 or fentanyl to 250 ag mL–1.