Luis Oliveira and Manuel Pais Clemente
CETO – Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Ópticas, Rua Caldas Xavier, Nº38, 6º E, 4150 Porto, Portugal. E-mail: [email protected]
The study of the mineralogical phases of archaeological ceramics may be very helpful in unravelling the history of an ancient sherd, particularly by means that investigate the process of its production. Micro-Raman spectroscopy offers advantages as a non-destructive, or even better, a non-sampling technique.
An introduction to photoacoustic spectroscopy.
It is now more than fifty years ago that Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell independently discovered a phenomenon called nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Only a few years later, in 1952, both received the Nobel Laureate Physics award for this discovery. Purcell and Bloch were the first to “listen” to the whisperings of hydrogen. They eventually obtained an NMR spectrum representing the different “pitches” of the nuclei, a property, which reflects the physico–chemical (electronic) neighbourhood of the nucleus.
Chemical imaging spectroscopy is an exciting new analytical advance that answers commonly asked questions such as what chemical species are in a sample, how much of each is present, and most importantly, where are they located? Through the fusion of traditional infrared spectroscopy with powerful microscopic and macroscopic imaging capabilities, chemical imaging spectroscopy answers all these questions simultaneously, in a single rapid measurement.
Ever since the development of inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry in the mid 1980s, there have been certain applications or specific analyses that have been regarded as difficult or impossible to address using the technique. This article explores the optimisation of the technique in high matrix samples.
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