Since 2004 the Büchi Young Scientists NIRAward has been given to young scientists who worked during their diploma or doctoral thesis in the field of near infrared spectroscopy and achieved outstanding results. In the past many excellent scientists from NIR research groups all over the world have received this award.
APPELS, differentially pumped Ambient Pressure PhotoElectron Lens System for photoemission studies, is one of four inventions from the US Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory which have been recognised with the R&D 100 award for 2010 from R&D Magazine, which recognises the 100 most significant proven technological advances of the year.
The potential impact of lipid research has been increasingly realised both in disease treatment and prevention. Recent advances in soft ionisation mass spectrometry (MS) such as electrospray ionisation (ESI) have permitted parallel monitoring of several hundreds of lipids in a single experiment and thus facilitated lipidomics level studies. These advances, however, pose a greater challenge for bioinformaticians to handle massive amounts of information-rich MS data from modern analytical instruments in order to understand complex functions of lipids.
Recent hyperspectral imaging of Thomas Jefferson’s rough draft of the USA’s Declaration of Independence has clearly confirmed past speculation that Jefferson made an interesting word correction during his writing of the document, according to scientists in the Library of Congress’ Preservation Research and Testing Division (PRTD).
An experiment that has been on physicists’ wish-lists for many decades has delivered an unexpected result: the proton seems to be about 4% smaller than has been thought. As reported in Nature, the result calls into question either the value of the most accurately known fundamental constant or the validity of a remarkably successful physical theory.
A new technique to analyse fingermarks from crime scenes has the potential to give crucial additional details about a suspect such as their medications, diet, the time at which they accidentally left the fingermark and can even be used to detect any substances they might have touched, such as traces of cocaine. These extra details can be important background information in a criminal investigation, especially if the suspect's fingerprint is not on the police database. It is hoped the technique will compliment current fingermark detection techniques and assist in criminal investigations.
The US Army Research Laboratory is working on laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), which has shown significant advances since its inception in the 1980s. Today, LIBS technology is used for multiple purposes, including the 2011 mission to Mars, detection of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) material, and materials matching in forensic cases.
Doping remains a problem throughout sport despite increases in technology to catch the cheats and increased sampling of competitors. At the World Cup, due to start on 11 June, two mass spectrometry companies are providing instrumentation for the anti-doping labs. AB Sciex is providing LC-MS/MS instrumentation and Agilent, GC/MS systems.
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- Atomic absorption
- Atomic emission
- Ion mobility
- Laser spectroscopy
- Mass spectrometry
- Near infrared
- NMR ESR EPR
- Related equipment
- RMs and standards
- Sample prep
- Separation science
- Surface analysis
- X-ray spectrometry