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The latest KnowItAll release from Bio-Rad Laboratories highlights a major addition to the AnalyzeIt spectral interpretation applications for IR, Raman and IR polymer compounds. With this release, users can now improve spectral interpretations by building a knowledgebase of functional groups and corresonding bands from their own data to use in conjuctioin with KnowItAll's built-in knowledgebase.
The Commander from McPherson is an f/4.8 triple spectrometer for the UV and wide wavelength range Raman applications. As a triple grating spectrometer, it has continuously tuneable wavelength positioning for work with tuneable lasers, to seek resonance or to work where filters are not available, deep in the UV. In the UV, it operates to the edge of the atmospheric transmission envelope at 185 nm thanks to a reflective optical system with master polished optics and UV-enhanced broadband coatings. For experiments that approach the oxygen absorption envelope, purge fittings are provided. A wide selection of diffraction gratings and cooled (–100°C) CCD detectors ensure sensitivity. Flexible user-controlled configuration of slit width, apertures and gratings control the system bandpass, rejection edge and spectral resolution as needed. The spectrograph stage, with imaging optics optimises flux and enables imaging across a large focal plane. The f/4.8 aperture ratio collects large solid angle and emission from weakly emitting samples and takes advantage of the smaller diffraction-limited spots occurring in the UV. A single stage bypass allows dedicated use of the spectrograph when required.
Nati Salvadó, Salvador Butí and Trinitat Pradell have used a number of techniques to investigate changes in pictorial techniques in Catalan paintings in the 15th century. The combination of different techniques is of particular value. The use of synchtrotron radiation as a light source is also an advantage.
The utility of Spatially Offset Raman Spectroscopy (SORS) in the early diagnosis of conditions such as the painful brittle bone disease is to be tested for the first time with hospital patients. The SORS instrument, the first to be commercially available, was delivered on Wednesday 3 November to the Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science, University College London (UCL) on the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital (RNOH) site in Stanmore, Middlesex, UK. The spectrometer will undergo testing to assess its usefulness with the long term aim of developing a specialist medical device to diagnose and detect early signs of diseases such as brittle bone disease and osteoarthritis.
Understanding the crystal chemistry of Nickel (Ni), in particular how the element is bonded to its surrounding elements, can improve its extraction process, making it greener and increasing the yield. Scientists from Diamond (the UK’s national synchrotron facility), in collaboration with mineralogists from the University of Barcelona, Spain, have combined measurements on the Microfocus Spectroscopy beamline (I18) and Raman spectroscopy to elucidate the chemistry and local environment of Ni in a Mn-oxyhydroxyde aggregate.
Robert Huber from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU) Munich has received a Starting Grant awarded by the European Research Council (ERC). The grant is worth 1.2 million Euros over a period of five years. The Starting Grants scheme is designed to support the work of outstandingly creative young investigators who are engaged in research at the forefront of their respective fields.
Professor Robin Clark CNZM FRS, Sir William Ramsay Professor Emeritus, UCL, gave the University of Canterbury's premier biennial lecture, the Rutherford Lecture, in the Town Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, on “Raman's legacy: Spectroscopy in the Cause of Art and Archaeology” on 29 September 2010.
A paper by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) may breathe new life into the use of a powerful—but tricky—diagnostic technique for cell biology. The paper in the Biophysical Journal, demonstrates that with improved hardware and better signal processing, an enhancement to Raman spectroscopy, broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (B-CARS), can quickly deliver detailed molecular maps of the contents of cells without damaging them. Earlier studies have suggested that to be useful, the technique would need power levels too high for cells.
Biomedical engineers are developing a hand-held device called a SpectroPen that could help surgeons see the edges of tumours in human patients in real time during surgery. Statistics indicate that complete removal, or resection, is the single most important predictor of patient survival for most solid tumours.
Thermo Fisher Scientific has announced the availability of two new DXR Nanocarbon Analysis Packages for the characterisation and micro-characterisation of carbon nanomaterials. Both packages offer large-scale chemical and materials producers complete systems for carbon nanotube analysis. Incorporating their DXR Raman platform, the packages provide information on the molecular structure and morphology of carbon nanomaterials. Designed to simplify the Raman technique for non-specialist instrument users, the packages improve productivity and provide accurate, rapid and reproducible results.
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Photon etc. has introduced a turn-key resonant Raman spectroscopy system, which uses a tuneable notch filter able to block elastic scattering on a large wavelength range while maintaining high throughput. Coupled to a tuneable laser, spectrograph and EMCCD camera, the system is ideal for studying vibrational optical and electronic properties of materials in a non-destructive manner, analysing carotenoids, pigments and dyes in art, archaeology and forensics, characterising the diameter and chirality distribution of a mixed population of carbon nanotubes and for monitoring in situ carbon nanotube properties during growth to achieve better control in their production.
We are pleased to introduce a new feature in Spectroscopy Europe: a Product Focus. This first Product Focus is on Raman Spectroscopy, and a number of companies have provided information on their key products, their applications and features.
Information on the detailed chemical composition, structure and morphology of environmental particles, and especially airborne particulate matter (PM), facilitate the understanding of their reactivity, sources, transport and changes of chemical species and, hence, prediction of their likely impact on the environment and human and animal health. The analysis techniques for environmental particles can broadly be divided into two groups: bulk (for example, water-soluble ionic content by means of ion chromatography for PM, elemental concentrations by means of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for all environmental particles, chemical structural information by means of X-ray diffraction for larger environmental particles, such as sediments and sands etc.) and micro-analytical techniques, whereby the character of any single particle can be probed.
In two studies published today in the journal Drug Testing and Analysis, UK and Swiss research teams reveal two techniques proven to identify dissolved cocaine in bottles of wine or rum. These tools will allow customs officials to quickly identify bottles being used to smuggle cocaine, without the need to open or disturb the container.
Research that made it to the cover of Analytical Chemistry has shown that a detection method developed by researchers at the University of Twente’s research institutes MESA+ and MIRA is even more sensitive than demonstrated earlier.
Spectroscopy is the measurement of the interaction of radiation with matter before or after spectral dispersion. This has been studied variously by physicists and chemists, has wide applications outside these traditional disciplines and cannot be owned by any particular community. The subject embraces both science (including mathematics) and technology (including computing) and contains many examples of differences, not always understood, between these cultures. It illustrates the unchanging and universal character of the relevant science, which is increasingly revealed by advances in the relevant technology.
Raman spectroscopy has been used to show that graphene has the potential to replace carbon fibres in high performance materials that are used to build aircraft. Graphene—discovered in 2004 by physicists Professor Andre Geim and Dr Kostya Novoselov at The University of Manchester—is a two-dimensional layer of carbon atoms that resembles chicken wire.
The problem of detecting, recognising and identifying explosives at significant standoff distances has proved one of the most difficult—and most important—challenges during recent years, being today, one of the most demanding applications of spectroscopic techniques. The limited number of sophisticated available techniques potentially capable of standoff detection of minimal amounts of explosives is based on laser spectroscopy. Of the recently developed techniques, Raman spectroscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) are considered significant for their potential for homeland defence applications.
Here, we focus on new trends in Raman spectroscopy to improve in vivo diagnosis. The use of Raman spectroscopy for real-time diagnosis of medical disease without the need for biopsy is among the most exciting and clinically relevant applications; four recent reports are presented. First, an approach to reduce fluorescent background of lung tissue in combination with a biomedical filtered Raman fibre optic probe was introduced in 2009 by Magee et al. Second, a fibre optic probe was developed for the CARS variant of Raman spectroscopy. Third, functional metal nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes were applied to a small animal model to collect Raman spectra non-invasively utilising the surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect. Finally, spatially offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS) has been presented as another non-invasive Raman-based method to probe deep bone subcutaneously in an animal model.